What is it and how can I get rid of it? – Zimo News

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Ransomware, also known as ransomware, is malware that blocks access to data contained in a device (computer, tablet, or smartphone). It is precisely defined as: “Malware that prevents users from accessing their systems or personal files and demands a ransom in exchange for restoring access.” How to prevent or eliminate it?

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Imagine browsing one of your electronic devices and suddenly a message appears on the screen notifying you that all files are now encrypted and inaccessible. Then a text window will tell you that you have to pay to recover all your data. Does this situation frighten you? Don’t panic, there’s still time to learn how this type of malware works and protect yourself effectively.

How does ransomware work?

One ransomware, also known as ransomware, can infect devices in different ways. The most common method is sending malicious attachments or links via email (spam). Malware spreads to devices when users download spoofed attachments or click on links.

This Malvertising is another infection method that relies on the use of malicious online advertisements. These very specific ads can redirect users to trap servers to retrieve information about them and then target them with ransomware-type malware.

Regardless of the download type, active ransomware on a device always works the same way, locking down the system, encrypting files and restricting access to the main functions of the attacked computer, tablet or smartphone.

What are the different types of ransomware?

The most well-known ransomware are categorized by severity and fall into one of three types:

  1. Scareware (fraudulent security software that simulates an attack by displaying an alert window without actually compromising the files contained in the device).
  2. Screen locker (locks the device screen at startup and prevents intrusions to access the system).
  3. Crypto-ransomware (straight theft and fully encrypted files, completely irrecoverable pass security or system recovery software).

What protections are in place against ransomware?

Unfortunately, there is no miraculous anti-ransomware solution. The best way to protect against ransomware attacks is to prevent them from happening.

Whether you want to protect your data as a business or as a person, the first thing to do is to invest in a comprehensive cybersecurity solution and get data recovery software to protect you before any ransomware infection.

Many data recovery professionals offer specialized and customized solutions based on the operating system and the type of data to be backed up and protected. This is especially true of the world-leading Ontrack.If you’ve never backed up your data before, learn how to use it now The Complete Guide to Ransomware.

What to do when your device is infected?

“While each event is unique and may vary in complexity, data can always be recovered after a ransomware attack. Success of course depends on the ransomware, but also on the affected hardware and the actions taken after the infection is discovered. First Action” by Robin England, Ontrack

In the event of a ransomware attack, please do not pay the demanded ransom, or it may encourage cybercriminals to continue such intrusions.

Instead, try recovering some encrypted files with a decryptor.

Note that there is no decryptor for every type of ransomware, which is sometimes too sophisticated.

If you already have different data backups, just use security software to get rid of ransomware. The latter will provide you with a complete analysis of the device and be responsible for eliminating the threat completely.

Articles produced in partnership with Ontrack

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