US announces security strategy: Russia is a “direct threat”, China is the biggest “challenge”

White House released 2022 National Security Strategysigned by the President of the United States, Joe Bidennoting that Russia is a “direct and enduring threat to peace and stability”, but China is “the most important geopolitical challenge” because it is “the only contender who wants to reshape the international order” and has powerful forces “Economic, Diplomatic, Military and Technological” to become the “Number One Power”.

In the introduction to the 48-page document, Biden warned: “A turning point in the world” Among them, “meeting the enormous challenges and unprecedented opportunities we face” will affect the “security and prosperity” of “future generations”. The United States defended Biden and “will use this decisive decade” to “elevate” its “values”, To achieve a “brighter and more hopeful tomorrow”.

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Like previous presidents, if Donald Trump, Biden focused on Russia and China as the main focus, and saw the United States as a beacon or leader of democracies against autocracy — “more needed than ever for American leadership in the world.” The biggest difference is that, as the president said, the strategy focuses on “360 degrees” and touches on already pressing issues such as epidemic prevention or epidemic prevention and control. fight climate change.

“Dictators work overtime to undermine democracy and export a model of government characterized by repression at home and coercion abroad. They mistakenly think that democracy is weak because they don’t understand that a country’s strength comes from its people. America’s strength abroad is Because it’s strong at home,” Biden declared, advocating “cooperation” “in unison” with “allies, partners and all who have a common interest.”


For Washington, China is trying to win over international institutions to whitewash its “authoritarian model” and use its Economic and Technological ImpactAccording to the strategy, Beijing “benefits from opening up the international economy while restricting access to its domestic markets, and trying to make the world more dependent on them while reducing their dependence on the world.”

The U.S. does not intend to win the battle for the first power — certainly to avoid an unpredictable conflict, but with devastating consequences anyway. Therefore, it pursues “peaceful coexistence, sharing, and common contribution to human progress”. Washington is not ignoring “China’s significant impact on shared challenges, especially climate change and global public health.”

The document talks about Taiwan, a hot topic since ancient times islands to visit in june Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives.The message remains the same: “We have an enduring interest in maintaining peace and stability in the Strait of Formosa, which is vital to regional and global security and prosperity. (…) We oppose any unilateral change status quo On either side, we do not support Taiwan independence.

Finally, the United States, reconciled with Beijing, stressed: “While we have deep differences with the Communist Party and the Chinese government, these differences are between governments and institutions, not between our people. The bonds of family and friendship continue to bring us together. Connected. Americans and Chinese. We have great respect for their achievements, their histories, and their cultures… We want to work together to solve the issues that matter most to both peoples.”


The tone is harsher in relation to Russia, or rather your president, Vladimir Putinhe accused “imperialist foreign policy” — recalling the invasion of Ukraine and the illegal annexation of territory — “attempting to destabilize its neighbors” and “blatant attempts to destabilize Europe, Central Asia and from around the world.” It was vaguely explained that Moscow was “blatantly interfering in American politics and trying to sow the seeds of division”.

This is on an international scale. Across the country, the text continues, “President Putin’s Russian government violates the human rights of its citizens, cracks down on the opposition and shuts down independent media.” For all this, Washington sees no return or room for improvement: “Putin refuses to heed calls for , obviously he won’t change.”

On the positive side, they saw from the White House that the power of the Kremlin “disappeared”, utterly defeated in every attack on Ukraine or its allies, both on and off the battlefield. energy extortion“The document explains that the historic global response to Russia’s war against Ukraine sends a resounding message that nations cannot enjoy the benefits of global integration while trampling on the fundamental principles of the UN Charter.”

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Washington is committed to “continuing to support Ukraine’s struggle for freedom” and to help the country “recover the economy” and “integrate into the European Union.”In addition, “the United States will defend every inch of NATO’s territory.” The worry is that Russia, militarily “soft” in Ukraine, and viewed as such outside its borders, will try to resort to resorting to nuclear weapons.

Biden expects a record $813 million in military spending, part of which will go to the nuclear arsenal: “That’s the foundation of our defense priorities.”

Russian-Ukrainian War