Britain experienced one of its hottest days on record with a high of 38.1C (100.6F) – with forecasters warning of a hotter Tuesday.
The highest temperature was recorded in Thornton Downham, Suffolk, on Monday, while it exceeded 37C in several places.
The Bureau of Meteorology issued a red extreme heat warning Temperatures of up to 41C are forecast for most of England on Monday and Tuesday.
The current maximum temperature for Cambridge, UK in July 2019 is 38.7°C.
Faversham, Kent reached a maximum of 38.5C in August 2003, making Monday the third hottest day on record – and the hottest day of the year so far.
Havarden in Flintshire hit 37.1C, making it Wales’ hottest day on record, according to figures Bureau of Meteorology Provisional Figures.
Temperatures are expected to remain in the mid-20s and nighttime temperatures to remain high.
Tuesday could be a cool day in the west of England, but the Midlands and parts of eastern England could see temperatures in the 40s – with Lincolnshire possibly reaching 42C, BBC weather presenter Ben Ritchie said.
A 16-year-old boy died after getting stuck in Maidenhead, Berkshire, on Monday, while the Metropolitan Police said a 14-year-old boy went missing and drowned after entering the Thames on Tag Island, in the south-west Hamptons. London.
Despite government guidelines aimed at staying open, some schools closed earlier in the day – or chose not to open at all. A teachers union said the majority chose to remain open.
Railway people say Travel should only be made “as absolutely necessary” On Mondays and Tuesdays, there were some cancellations and speed limits across the network.
Network Rail said there were no trains heading north from London’s King’s Cross to Leeds and York on Tuesday, including the LNER service.
The MoD said the planes were using an alternative airfield after reports of melted tarmac on the runway at RAF Briz Norton in Oxfordshire.
Flights at Luton Airport have been suspended after parts of the runway were raised due to hot weather, the airport said. EasyJet said some flights have been diverted to nearby airports, while others have been cancelled as a result.
Scotland and Northern Ireland experienced their hottest day of the year on Monday, with temperatures of 31.3C in Aboyne, Aberdeenshire, and 31.1C in Dreling, County Fermanagh.
Temperatures in London, Cambridge, Surrey and the rest of Suffolk all exceeded 37C.
It was also a record day in Cornwall, with a temperature of 36C measured in Bude in the county.
Orange warnings are spread across England and Wales and parts of Scotland, covering more than read warnings stretching from London to York and Manchester.
This is the first time the Met Office has issued a red warning since the system was introduced last year.
This means “wide-ranging impacts on people and infrastructure” are expected, requiring “significant changes to work practices and everyday life”.
The National Council of Fire Chiefs has warned wildfires are almost inevitable in the coming days, with blazes raging in the woods in the Birmingham suburb of Leakey Hills Country Park.
Responding to claims the UK had experienced more severe heat, such as during a prolonged heatwave in 1976, Simon King of the BBC Met Office said the expected “dangerously high” temperatures were longer than those experienced at the time. Time for heatwaves and severe droughts 10 degrees Celsius higher.
In addition to the Met Office’s red and orange warnings, the UK Health Safety Agency has issued Level 4 warning for England, The government considers it a “national emergency”.
Extreme heat has also put pressure on the NHS, but Health Minister Steve Barclay said the government was “monitoring the situation closely”, with the “most worrying point” coming on Tuesday afternoon.
Cabinet minister Kit Malthouse has dismissed criticism that Boris Johnson did not attend the Cobra heatwave meeting, saying he had briefed the prime minister and it was his job to coordinate the response within the government.
Soaring temperatures are also devastating much of Europe and North Africa, with authorities in western France warning of a “thermal catastrophe” in 15 regions.
Wildfires have raged from Greece to Morocco in recent days, evacuating thousands and killing more than 1,000 people from the heat.
In a speech in Cornwall, the Prince of Wales said the commitment around net zero had never been more important as “we are all suffocated by the shocking record heat in the UK and Europe today”.
Heatwaves occur when average global temperatures are more than 1°C above pre-industrial levels.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the United Nations’ climate science agency, we are living in the warmest period in 125,000 years.
We know the reason behind this – the greenhouse gas emissions from our burning of fossil fuels like coal and natural gas. According to the IPCC, the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere is at its highest level in 2 million years and is increasing.
If all the commitments made by governments at the UN COP26 climate conference in Glasgow last year are followed up, we expect temperatures to rise by 2.4°C by the end of the century.
But the bad news is that carbon dioxide emissions continue to rise. If there is no significant reduction by 2030, we may see even higher temperature rises.
Learn more here.
After several deaths, people have been warned to be careful if it gets cold in the water.
The two incidents on Monday followed the deaths of a 16-year-old boy who was swimming in Salford Quays on Saturday night and a 13-year-old boy who went missing in the River Tyne in Northumberland on Sunday.
Water companies in the south and east of England have warned that increased demand is causing some households to experience reduced pressure and even supply disruptions.
Experts are urging people to drink plenty of water, draw the curtains as much as possible and be wary of relatives and friends.
Learn more about heatwaves
Chester Zoo will remain closed during the heatwave to ensure the safety of its animals, visitors and staff, while pigs will be covered in sunscreen during Wales’ biggest farming show.
Battersea Dogs and Cats Home advises people not to walk their dogs during a heatwave.
Food delivery company Just Eat said it had suspended deliveries to areas hit hard by the heatwave on Monday and Tuesday, while some pubs and restaurant kitchens were closed.
Museums including London’s Victoria and Albert Museum and the British Museum have closed some galleries or adjusted their opening hours.
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article UK heatwave: Temperatures up to 38C set to rise on Tuesday first appeared in Zimo News.