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Timeline of war: Taliban occupy Kabul again after 20 years


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This Reconquer Kabul Taliban Represents a turning point in its immersion in the long war AfghanistanAnd outlines a scene similar to that recorded in the Afghan capital 20 years ago.

Taliban, the origin of the word means Student (Quran), They occupied Kabul for the first time in 1996 and implemented an Islamic fundamentalist regime that expanded to 90% of its territory until 2001 when they were ousted by the U.S.-assisted Afghan opposition forces.

These are the most relevant events since the 1996 conflict:

-September 27, 1996. The Taliban occupied Kabul and imposed an Islamic fundamentalist regime.

-October 1996. The former jihadist leader signed an agreement to fight the Taliban.

-September 1998. The Taliban occupied the city of Bamyan, which represents 90% of Afghanistan’s territory.

-March 2001. The Taliban destroyed the giant statue of the World Heritage Bamiyan Buddha.

-October 7, 2001. One month after the New York attack, the Taliban refused to hand over bin Laden, and the United States began operations Enduring freedom, With the support of the United Kingdom.

-November 2001. The opposition captured the main cities of Afghanistan, marking the end of the Taliban regime.

-December 2001. The Bonn Conference appointed Hamid Karzai as its acting chairman and foresees the establishment of an international force. The UN Security Council authorized the deployment of the International Security and Assistance Force (ISAF) in Kabul, which will then be expanded to other parts of Afghanistan.

-June 2002. Loya Yirga or the Great Council elects Karzai acting head of state.

-May 1, 2003. The United States announced the end of combat operations in Afghanistan.

-August 2003. NATO has assumed command of the International Security Assistance Force.

-October 9, 2004. The first free election. Karzai was elected president.

-September 18, 2005. This War lord They were enforced in the first legislative election.

-May 2006. The violence intensified.

-November 2006. At the NATO summit in Riga, countries were urged to send more troops.

-February 17, 2008. A hundred people were killed in the suicide bombing in Kandahar, the bloodiest since the invasion.

-August 20, 2009. Following allegations of intimidation and fraud by the Taliban, Karzai won the second democratic election.

-December 1, 2009. U.S. President Barack Obama announced the deployment of 30,000 soldiers and began withdrawing the international task force in June 2011.

-May 1, 2011. Obama announced that U.S. commandos had killed bin Laden in Pakistan.

-July 2011. Coinciding with the gradual withdrawal of US troops, NATO began to transfer power to the Afghan authorities.

-June 2013. The Afghan army is responsible for commanding all military and security operations of NATO forces.

-September 29, 2014. Ashraf Ghani replaced Karzai.

-December 28, 2014. The United States and NATO have ended their combat missions in Afghanistan.

-July 7, 2015. The Taliban and the government officially met in Pakistan to seek a “peace and reconciliation process.”

-October 15, 2015. Obama gave up a complete withdrawal and extended his mission with 5,500 soldiers.

-July 6, 2016. Obama increased the number of troops to 8,400.

—— August/September 2016. Thousands of civilians fled the south before the Taliban attacked.

-May 31, 2017. A truck full of explosives exploded in a high security zone in Kabul. More than 150 people were killed in the worst attack since the fall of the Taliban regime.

-October 12, 2018. The negotiations between the Taliban and the United States have begun.

-September 28, 2019. Ghani won the presidential election again.

-November 24, 2019. Donald Trump visited the army on Thanksgiving and announced the resumption of negotiations with the Taliban.

-February 29, 2020. The Trump administration and the Taliban signed an agreement in Doha (Qatar), stipulating that the troops should be completely withdrawn within 14 months.

-September 12, 2020. The talks between the government and the Taliban began in Doha.

-October 7, 2020. Trump promised to withdraw US troops before Christmas.

-April 14, 2021. The new President of the United States Joe Biden announced that the final withdrawal will begin on May 1.

-May 1, 2021. American troops began to retreat.

-May 2021. The violence intensified.

-June 2021. Coinciding with the withdrawal of the army, the Taliban advanced and controlled 100 of the country’s 402 regions.

-July 8, 2021.- Biden announced that the withdrawal will be completed on August 31, despite acknowledging that “the Taliban is stronger than ever before in the military”. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced the end of the British military mission in Afghanistan.

-July 12, 2021. The U.S. military officially transferred command of the Afghanistan mission to the U.S. Central Command.

-July 14, 2021. The Taliban controlled an important border crossing with Pakistan, and Afghanistan accused the country of supporting the insurgency.

-July 15, 2021.- The Taliban offered a three-month ceasefire in exchange for the release of their 7,000 prisoners.

-July 17, 2021. The government and the Taliban resumed talks in Doha without reaching an agreement.

-July 26, 2021. The United Nations reported that the number of civilian casualties has hit a record high since the beginning of the withdrawal.

-August 7-11, 2021. After the triumphs of Nimruz, Jazcan, Sal-Pol, Kunduz, Tahar, Samangan, Farah, Baghlan and Faizabad, the Taliban occupied nine in five days. City.

-August 12, 2021. The United States will send 3,000 soldiers to Kabul to evacuate almost the entire embassy.

-August 13, 2021. Denmark and Norway closed their embassies and began to evacuate their nationals.

-August 15, 2021. The Taliban occupy Kabul.

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