Santiago de Chile (EFE) .- The political parties of Chile agreed this Friday to create a supervisory body for the new constituent process: a committee of experts which will have 14 members and will be joint.
At today’s meeting, it is determined that the Eligibility Technical Committee will act as the arbiter of the new constituent route, it can be activated by a fifth of the future drafting body of the new text and will be composed of lawyers who must resolve disputes by absolute majority.
Despite this definition, the most controversial point to define the future constitutional court remains undetermined. This is the body that will write the new Constitution: its size, the electoral system to form it and whether or not there will be a plebiscite of entry.
“The mechanism of the new constitutional process is at the heart of the agreement, but there are differences between the different parties,” Senate President Álvaro Elizalde said during a press briefing after the meeting ended. The senator informed that in the coming days there will be bilateral meetings to advance on this point.
The new Constitution
The proposal of the ruling party and the Christian Democracy is to create an entity of 125 members and nine seats reserved for indigenous people.
But the opposition considers that this idea is too similar to the Constitutional Convention which drafted the proposal for a new Constitution rejected during the plebiscite on September 4.
The right-wing coalition Chile Vamos, for its part, has proposed a reduced body composed of representatives elected by the citizens, but in which there are also “experts” appointed by the political parties.
Since the start of negotiations two months ago, after the triumph of rejection in the constitutional referendum, the political forces have also agreed to preserve the character of the Republic of Chile.
In addition to the recognition of national emblems, certain fundamental rights and freedoms and the protection of the autonomy of certain bodies, such as the Central Bank.
November, key month
Another relevant point is the timetable: it is expected that the agreement between the parties will be closed during the month of November, to prevent the new constituent path from extending beyond 2023.
The Chilean constitutive process crystallized after the massive wave of protests which shook the country at the end of 2019.
A succession of demonstrations throughout the territory which left thousands injured, hundreds of eyes mutilated by state agents and around thirty dead.
As an institutional solution to the crisis, the parties gave way to a Constitutional Convention that operated for a year, the final proposal of which was rejected by plebiscite.
Leaving Congress as a leading actor to give continuity to the change of the fundamental law inherited from the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990) and partially reformed into a democracy.