The challenges of the new Italian government

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Cristina Cabrejas |

Rome (EFE).- Will it last five years? This is the question after the victory of the right-wing coalition in a country where 67 executives have alternated since 1947. The new government led by the far right Giorgia Meloni with the Brothers of Italy will have as its main difficulty to come to terms with the ideas and the different egos of its partners and to establish good relations with the European Union.

El reparto de los ministerios será el primer obstáculo en la convivencia del partido de Meloni, Hermanos de Italia (FdI) y sus aliados del Ejecutivo, la ultraderechista LIga, de Matteo Salvini, y la conservadora Forza Italia, de Silvio Berlusconi, pero no será the special one.

Matteo Salvini, Silvio Berlusconi and Giorgia Meloni (id), during the closing of the electoral campaign. EFE/EPA/Giuseppe Lami

United but distant

Probably the greatest distance between the allies that will be immediately revealed is Salvini’s request for a diversion of the budget to help mitigate the impact of rising energy prices, as Meloni remains adamant that the increase in public debt “is not the solution”.

They also disagree on tax issues, since the League wants a single tax of 15%, while the leader of the FdI proposed “a more gradual solution” and Berlusconi proposes a single rate of 23% for everyone, families and businesses, and with the exemption of the first 13,000 euros of income, to favor low and middle incomes.

Divisions will come to the European Parliament

The divisions in the Italian government will also reach the European Parliament, as seen when the FdI and the League voted against the resolution condemning Viktor Orban’s undemocratic Hungary.

Whereas Giorgia Melon stressed that “Orbán won the elections” and that “Hungary is a democratic system”, Berlusconi declared that the Hungarian leader’s policy “is far from ours, as is his vision of Europe” and that ” alliances must be concluded in Europe with a great friendly country to protect the national interest.

Matteo Salvini challenges the new Italian government
Matteo Salvini, pictured on September 14. EFE/EPA/RICCARDO ANTIMIANI

Matteo Salvini has always considered the sanctions against Moscow as useless: “Rather than stopping Russia and bringing Putin to its knees, it is the Italians who pay them”, but Meloni has repeatedly said that he will support Ukraine and decisions taken in Europe. against Russia.

On these issues, the three partners “will have to find a difficult compromise that should not be taken for granted between the political forces traditionally opposed to the institutions of the European Union and those closest to the Brussels authorities”, declared the professor of political science. from the University of Pisa, Alberto Vannucci.

The immediate stumbling block: budgets

A few days after the formation of Parliament, the debate on the budget law will have to begin, which normally takes several weeks – even months – of negotiations, but on October 15, Italy and the rest of the euro countries have had to send their draft budget plans to the European Commission (EC) for relevant recommendations.

Although the finance bill that Mario Draghi’s government had approved in early April should be sent without major modifications, Italy must adjust its macroeconomic picture in relation to the calculations made then, when it was estimated that the economy Italy would increase by 2.4% in 2023, its deficit would be 3.9% of GDP and the debt just over 140% of GDP.

Mario Draghi Challenges of the new Italian government
Mario Draghi (d) and Luigi Di Maio (i), in an image on July 20. EFE / EPA / CLAUDIO PERI

Speed ​​in the formation of the new executive and in the drafting of these documents will be crucial, since the budgets must be approved in Parliament before the end of the year.

Measures for the price of gasoline and energy

But that will be the only thing the new government will have to deal with immediately: in the first days of its mandate, it will have to decide what to do with the subsidies to lower the price of gasoline, which amount to around one billion dollars. euros and that the Draghi Government renewed until October 31, but above all, it will have to take new measures against the increase in energy bills.

And, as the Italian General Confederation of Craftsmen warned two days ago, it will have to find 40,000 million euros in 100 days.

Balance with Europe

For Damiano Palano, director of the Department of Political Science at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, “Italy is still exposed to the risks of a speculative storm and a dramatic debt crisis. The first commitment of the next government will be to obtain the support of the European institutions”.

Ursula Von der Leyen
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen in an image on September 7. EFE/EPA/OLIVIER HOSLET

And for that “it will be almost inevitable to abandon skeptical attitudes towards Brussels and its main partners” because although “both the FdI and the Salvini League have always had very critical positions on many aspects of the EU, the next Italian government will have to confirm the commitments acquired on the Next Generation EU, support for Ukraine and many other points.

As Vannucci explains, the new government will have to find “a balance without tearing itself apart internally, on the one hand, and without creating ungovernable (and costly) conflicts with Europe and the main European countries, on the other”.

And in the end – affirms Palano – “it will be ‘forced’ by the fragility of the public accounts to maintain almost entirely the line followed by the Draghi government”, indicates Palano.

Web editor: Nuria Santesteban

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