State of emergency not enough to stop wave of homicides by gangs in El Salvador


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Escalating violence being experienced This Savior These days are unprecedented during the government Najib BukeleIn just one weekend, 87 people were murdered, a number not recorded since 2015, when the country was one of the most dangerous in the world.

The new wave of killings led the government to declare a state of emergency, which came into effect on Sunday and will last for at least thirty days.But even a moratorium on constitutional guarantees – the right to association, assembly or defence – will not be enough to end Maras or gang members.

After a five-day state of emergency, Congress approved a package on Thursday reform punishwhich includes Juvenile Prison They marked the line the Buckler exec took in that “war on the gang.”

Mass arrests and intensified criminal measures against Mara are also plans that former President Francisco Flores (1999-2004) applied in his project hand hard.

new criminal law

Measures against gangs were approved without research or parliamentary discussion, with changes such as code criminal, law criminal youth, code program criminal and law Anti-terrorism.

Amendments to the Criminal Code stipulate that belonging to a gang will be considered an illegal group punishable by 20 to 30 years in prison, while its leader or financier will face 40 to 45 years in prison.

Before this reform, Maras members faced 3 to 5 years in prison, while leaders faced 6 to 9 years in prison.

The Anti-Terrorism Act stipulates that those who belong to a gang will be prosecuted for the crime of terrorist organization, and the leader will be sentenced to 15 to 20 years in prison and 30 to 40 years in prison.

Photo: Reuters

Previously, members were sentenced to 8 to 12 years in prison and the ringleader to 10 to 15 years.

jail or die

Congress passed by an official majority an amendment to the juvenile penal code to impose prison terms for minors over the age of 12. Previously, the most extraordinary measure was detention.

Juveniles over the age of 12 will be tried as adults, punishable by up to 10 years in prison, while those over 16 will be sentenced to up to 20 years in prison, the government stipulates.

The reform removes the maximum duration of interim measures for minors and says they will remain in place until a “final judgment” is reached.

President Buckler posted a video of the imprisoned gang member on his Twitter account and called on parents to show it to their children.

“Show your teen this video and explain to them that there are only two ways to join a gang: jail or death,” he wrote.

higher penalty

against crime extortionone of the gang’s main sources of income, adds aggravating circumstances that, if committed by these gang members, carry between 20 and 30 years in prison, the same as for drug trafficking.

Lawmakers also approved an increase in the Army and Security Department budgets, allocating $80 million to buy more weapons. In addition, a reward law has been enacted to reward those who provide information that would help apprehend gang members.

other reforms

also remodeled Criminal Procedure Law Establish “protective measures” to keep the identities of judges and officials involved in judicial proceedings from being known.

The amendment also provides that gang members can be charged and tried even in their absence.

On the other hand, delegates determined that measures other than preventive detention could not be ordered for at least 13 crimes, including homicide and disturbance of the peace.

Photo: Reuters

The measure also removes the maximum deadline Two years in pretrial detentions, now generally people charged with homicide, racketeering and drug trafficking will be subject to the measure until sentencing “finally”.

Like teens, through this measure, if someone is acquitted or guilty, they will continue to serve their sentences until their case has gone through all appeals, including the Supreme Court.

for Eleanor Artemisiaprogram director of the Due Process Foundation, that these criminal procedure reforms run counter to “international standards” and “national case law.”

He posted on his Twitter account that Congress “is changing the criminal code, typical masturbation and State terror” and noted that it “created so-called ‘faceless’ judges. “

“It is said that they will protect judges, which is effective, but there are other ways of doing this that have been proven effective and do not violate #HR regulations, such as creating dedicated jurisdictions in case of risk, security measures”, lawyer pointed out.


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