Prostate Cancer Symptoms and Treatment: What to Check


Prostate Cancer Symptoms and Treatment: What to Check

Michelle Roberts
digital health writer

  • Published
    2 days ago

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Turnbull shows BBC One’s breakfast show for 15 years before turning to classic FM radio

Bill Turnbull’s campaign has saved lives and encouraged “thousands” of men to come forward for prostate cancer screening, experts say.

The broadcaster died of the disease on Wednesday at the age of 66.

When Turnbull revealed his diagnosis in 2018, referrals to the NHS rose by around 20 per cent, and calls to its helpline rose sharply, according to the charity Prostate Cancer UK.

News of his death could have a similar effect.

Turnbull said encouraging men to get tested for the disease was “a useful thing” he had done in his life, admitting he was “frustrated with himself” because he was proud of not seeing a GP in four years.

What symptoms should people check for?

The most common are:

These symptoms can also be caused by other conditions — but it’s important to have your doctor check for any changes.

What is prostate cancer?

As part of the male reproductive system, the walnut-sized prostate is located in the pelvis below the bladder.

It surrounds the urethra — the tube that drains urine from the body through the penis.

Cancer is abnormal, uncontrolled cell growth.

But in the prostate, it usually grows slowly.

There may be no signs or symptoms for years.

Some people never have a problem with it.

But in other cases, cancer can be aggressive and deadly.

Early diagnosis and treatment are critical.

bladder and prostateImage Source, Getty Images

The prostate is located under the bladder

Is prostate cancer hereditary?

The chance of getting prostate cancer increases with age.

Cases under the age of 50 are rare.

Men whose father or brother had prostate cancer had a slightly increased risk.

It is also more common in black men.

Prostate cancer in the UK has 30 Second Online Risk Checker.

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Is there a trial?

There is no single diagnostic test.

Doctors base their diagnosis on various measurements.

This may include a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test and analysis, and a biopsy, which involves taking a small sample of tissue for testing in a laboratory.

But PSA tests are not usually used to screen for prostate cancer because the results can be unreliable.

A high PSA doesn’t always mean cancer.

A large trial is testing whether MRI scans can be an effective way to screen men for prostate cancer, the same way women are given mammograms to check for breast cancer

What about treatment?

There are different options to choose from and your doctor will be able to advise you which may be the best fit for you.

If the cancer is in an early stage and is not causing symptoms or growing rapidly, it can be watched or “watch and wait.”

Some prostate cancers can be cured with treatments such as surgery and radiation therapy.

Hormone therapy can also slow cancer growth.

It is also possible to use extreme cold (cryotherapy) or high-intensity focused ultrasound to destroy cancer cells.

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Related Topics

  • prostate cancer
  • cancer

article Prostate Cancer Symptoms and Treatment: What to Check first appeared in Zimo News.

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