OAS high-level mission calls for political truce in Peru

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Washington (EFE).- The High Level Mission of the Organization of American States (OAS) asks Peru to convene a dialogue and initiate a political truce to overcome the crisis of governance that the country is going through.

The mission, which visited the South American country last week, today presents its preliminary report to the Permanent Council of the OAS, in which it makes a series of recommendations and an analysis of the current situation in Peru. .

Photograph provided today by the Organization of American States (OAS) showing the session of the Permanent Council, in Washington, United States. EFE/OEA/Juan Manuel Herrera

The document, which was read by former Paraguayan foreign minister Eladio Loizaga to the Permanent Council, calls on the country’s political actors to convene a formal dialogue between “the presidency, the legislature, the high courts” and other parties. concerned.

This dialogue, the report recommended, should be independent and could be supported by an international organization if “so” by the parties.

A 100-day political truce

While called, the OAS report advises calling for a 100-day political truce so that Peruvian President Pedro Castillo and his political team can carry out their government plan.

OAS Secretary General Luis Almagro believes the report’s recommendations should be addressed in the Permanent Council in the coming days and suggests that member states propose a resolution.

Almagro pointed out to the OAS plenary session that the preliminary report contains “worrying elements”, such as references to the fact that “democracy in Peru is in intensive care” and that there is “harassment and permanent confrontation between the powers” of the State.

OAS Special Mission

The OAS Special Mission, which was made up of foreign ministers from various countries and held nearly 30 meetings during its visit to Peru, also asked the country’s Constitutional Court to rule when “an impasse arises between the powers”.

The preliminary report assures that the democratic institutional framework in Peru is threatened due to instability.

A highly polarized environment, permanent harassment and confrontation between powers or the excessive use of tools of political control, among other factors.

“Among the powers of the state, there are accusations and indications that the risk of governability lies with the other power, and not with itself,” the document states.

Peru’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, César Landa (c), receives members of the Organization of American States (OAS) High Level Group displaced to Peru, at the Government Palace in Lima (Peru). EFE/Limon

This permanent confrontation is at the origin of the “loss of credibility” of the population in the powers of the State.

Peruvians see the state as “actors who do not think about the common good of the population”, the report says.

The special mission adds the existence of racism in the country, ensuring that the Castillo presidency has “exposed” this problem in the country, and asked political actors and civil society to respect human rights.

The OAS intervention on the situation in Peru took place at the request of Castillo, who asked the organization to activate the Inter-American Democratic Charter after he considered that a “new type of coup d’etat” was presented against him.

Since Castillo took office in July last year, the country has seen several marches for and against the president.

In fifteen months of management, he avoided two failed attempts to dismiss him by the parliamentary opposition.

Peru receives the report

Foreign Minister of Peru, César Landa, expressed before the OAS the “predisposition” of the government of Pedro Castillo to “evaluate and implement” the recommendations of the mission sent to the country “which are the most appropriate” to overcome the political crisis crisis.

“The Executive wishes to express its highest consideration for the valuable contributions emanating from the work carried out by the High Level Panel and our positive predisposition to evaluate and implement the most appropriate alternatives among the suggestions and which allow Peru to overcome this difficult political situation,” Landa said.

The Minister of Foreign Affairs spoke remotely during the said session held by the Permanent Council of the OAS to receive the preliminary report of the mission that visited Peru last week to analyze the political crisis that he crosses.

Castle’s reaction

Peruvian President Pedro Castillo calls on the presidents of Congress and the judiciary for dialogue, after a high-level mission from the Organization of American States requested that they initiate a truce that will lead the parties to speak before the political crisis affecting the country.

“Continuing the spirit with which I began my government and which is expressed in the recommendations of the OAS, I call on the heads of state institutions and the political and social leaders of the country to dialogue and ensure governability,” he wrote. on his Twitter account.

Peru’s President Pedro Castillo (i) with Peruvian Foreign Minister César Landa (d) and former Paraguayan Foreign Minister Eladio Loizaga (c), who leads the High Level Panel of the OAS, in Lima (Peru). EFE/Limon

In Castillo’s opinion, said report “confirmed” that his government “has received destabilizing attacks from a political group that, until today, ignores the popular vote and intends to violate”, which does not appear tacitly in the document.

“I ratify that, despite everything, I will continue to work for the validity of the constitutional state of law, the balance of powers, democracy based on the popular will and for a prosperous country that respects the powers of the state” , added the president .

“Vital” the political truce proposed by the OAS

The Prime Minister of Peru, Betsy Chávez, considers it “vital” that a political truce be initiated in her country, proposed by a high-level mission which traveled to Lima last week to analyze the crisis between the executive and the legislature.

Chávez admits, during a press conference held after the meeting of the Council of Ministers, that “the spirits are somewhat tense among the powers of the state”.

“These ministers are ready and take responsibility for taking into account these recommendations” from the OAS, he adds.

It calls for dialogue with opposition organizations to resolve the crisis between the executive and the legislature since the start of the current administration at the end of July 2021.

“Let’s stop the confrontation and start building those bridges that the country needs,” he said.

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