If Christopher Columbus had not insisted on repeating over and over that he reached Asia, perhaps the continent he discovered today would have been called Colombia, not America. Despite this “injustice”, his name is one of the most famous in the history of mankind, as well as one of the most important.
The feat of crossing the Atlantic and returning to Spain is so magnificent that the attempts to tarnish or appropriate it are countless. Columbus was accused of being a bad navigator, of taking possession of other people’s ideas, of not being the first European to arrive in America, and now of genocide.
Dating of the first settlement
Magazine Nature published an article in which a research team from the University of Groningen (Holland), using carved wood with metal tools that the Native Americans did not have until the 16th century, dated the Norman presence in Newfoundland a thousand years ago.
It is a pity that the editors did not get ahead of the publication of the article, so that it coincides with October 12 of last year! They would spark the enthusiasm of the Spanish ultra-left, who are ready to get rid of everything Spanish and Christian, like monkeys dump their lice.
Article titles by essay Nature they consisted of variations on this: “The Vikings arrived in America in 1021, nearly 500 years before Columbus.” Some editors almost felt satisfied. They’ve just dealt a crushing blow to Franco and Vox. Of course we Spaniards are here to win the contest of fools.
The fact that the Vikings touched the shores of America in the Middle Ages was already more than known. In 1960, Norwegian explorer Helge Ingstad and his wife, archaeologist Anne Stein Ingstad, discovered a small Scandinavian settlement on the island of Newfoundland, some of whose remains date back to 1021 AD as the date of foundation.
Despised ancient documents
In both Newfoundland and Spain, archeology confirms what the ancient documents explain, in the case of the Normans – the Icelandic sagas, and in the case of Spain – the Christian chronicles, although materialist and positivist historiography considers them “ideological developments” (sic) without any or relationship to them. the reality they describe.
Recently, DNA analysis Paternal Y chromosome, present only in males, conducted by the University of Granada among 150 people from the provinces of Almeria, Granada and Malaga, which were part of the Emirate of Nasrid, the only territory of the Iberian Peninsula You can use the phrase “800 years of Arab presence”, this shows that the genetic trace of Arabs and Africans is invaluable.
Awesome for hundreds of mailings! For supporters the defunct Spain of three cultures, invented by Americo Castro; for those who hate Catholicism and prefer Islam, such as Antonio Gala and Juan Goytisolo; and for the Basque and Catalan nationalists who neglect the “African Spaniards” to reinforce their separatism.
We know perfectly well that Seville, once captured by Fernando III el Santo (1248), remained empty. This city and other Andalusian cities were inhabited by the Spaniards from Castile, Leon, Navarra and Aragon, as well as Europeans. Historians have distribution books and other documents confirming this. The Andalusians are descendants of the Asturians, Galicians and Basques, not the Maghreb.
We must conclude that the ancient documents of Christian civilization are reliable. On the contrary, the Muslim chronicles of Al-Andalus are suspicious because they omit almost everything that happened to the Christians and Jews who lived under the rule of the Umayyads, right up to their revolts.
Age of the Vikings
The Normans jumped into the sea at the end of late antiquity, taking advantage of warm weather period This allowed for increased yields and lumber, population growth, less severe winters and ice-free seas. In their raids they reached Sicily, and in the Iberian Peninsula they attacked La Coruna, Pamplona, Ourense, Santiago, Porto, Lisbon, Seville, Malaga, Almeria …
In 1014, before other clans built the huts and palisades of L’Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland, the Normans of Olaf Haraldsson, the future king of Norway, climbed Minho and plundered Tui.
These warriors and itinerant peoples were a plague for the Christians of that time, as they rampantly plundered and enslaved. The first known attack by these hordes took place in 789 on the Isle of Portland. They coincided with Muslim invasions in the Mediterranean and Hungarian invasions in the east. Between the eighth and eleventh centuries, Christendom was confined to a small part of Eurasia and seemed to be on the verge of extinction, buried by barbarians.
Not all Norman voyages were pirate. Some, a few, consisted of exploratory and colonial trips to Iceland, where Irish monks were already living, killed and expelled by the invaders, as well as to Greenland. From here, the group traveled to North America in search of wood that was lacking in Greenland and items to steal.
Earlier blonde Norwegians than brown Spanish
The first to draw attention to the Scandinavian presence in America before the Spanish was Norwegian immigrant to the USA Rasmus Anderson, at the end of the XIX century. And in the years that followed, he was praised and manipulated by the Anglo-Saxons of Canada and the United States, who preferred to associate with tall blond men rather than Christopher Columbus and Catholic monarchs, Spanish and Italian browns and Catholics. That’s why he The Ku Klux Klan opposed tributes and statues to Columbus… In 1929, Leif Erickson’s Day was established in Wisconsin, which is celebrated on October 9 earlier (what a “coincidence”!) Than the irrefutable date of the arrival of the three Castilian caravels in America. It has been a public holiday since 1964.
The racist ideas of some and the desire to kill others led them to the intuition of Norman remains, such as runes, in northern Argentina.
Yes, Scandinavian sailors reached America before Columbus, Juan de la Cosa, the Pinzones brothers and crews La Pinta, Young woman and Santa maria… But can they be considered pioneers? The answer is no.
Vikings, pirates and simple traders (who cannot make complex products) did not want to share their routes with any rival. They did not draw maps, build cities, or communicate with the Indians. And very soon his finds were sunk in time. Their colonies in Greenland were abandoned due to worsening weather and disappeared so radically in the 15th century that it took a long time to identify them in the 20th century.
Christopher Columbus and Martin Alonso Pinson returned to Spain with the news that they had crossed the Atlantic and found land. The news quickly spread throughout Europe. Then Catholic monarchs organized the settlement of new territories, and other Christian monarchs prepared new expeditions.
The force of gravity has always existed, but only Isaac Newton discovered its action for humanity. Thanks to Columbus and Queen Elizabeth (who provided money, people and ships) world history was born. On the contrary, the Vikings only scanned the horizon to find defenseless victims.