Immigrant arrivals by boat to Spain fall in 2022

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Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (EFE) with the lowest balance of this type of movement since the Ministry of the Interior published biweekly data (2017).

Last month, 1,082 people reached the Spanish coast or were rescued near it, of which 625 correspond to the route to the Canary Islands, 453 to the routes to the peninsula and the Balearic Islands, four to the maritime borders of Ceuta and none to Melilla .

In the case of the Canary Islands, since the reactivation of the Atlantic route, the months of October and November contribute for approximately two thirds of all arrivals each year, since the most favorable navigation conditions in the area coincide during these months.

Archive image of a group of immigrants on the beach in Maspalomas, Gran Canaria. EFE/ Angel Medina

The 625 people who arrived on the islands last month are the lowest number since the reactivation of this route, in 2019. That year, 517 people arrived in the Canary Islands by boat in November, which in 2020 reached 8,157 (the total record time of a month on the Atlantic Route) and in 2021 they amounted to 3,038.

Arrivals from North Africa at lowest since 2017

Due to the maritime routes that lead to the peninsula and the Balearic Islands from North Africa (Strait of Gibraltar, Alboran Sea and the Mediterranean), the figure of 453 people arriving by boat in Spain represents the lowest in the entire series since 2017.

That year, when bi-weekly data began to be published, 3,769 irregular immigrants entered the peninsula and the Balearic Islands by sea in November. In the same month of subsequent years, there were 4,784 in 2018, 1,036 in 2019, 1,422 in 2020, and 611 in 2021.

Immigrant arrivals by boat to Spain drop in 2022
Archive image of an abandoned boat on the beach at Castillo Romeral, south of Gran Canaria. EFE/Giorgio Felice Rapetti

In the sum of all Spanish coasts, the sequence of boat arrivals for a month of November is as follows: 4,060 in 2017, 5,111 in 2018, 1,784 in 2019, 9,612 in 2020 (the year of the monthly record on the Canary Route), 3,666 in 2021 and 1,082 in 2022.

This year, the 27,063 people who have arrived on board 1,570 boats throughout Spain so far are complemented by 122 entries through the maritime borders of Ceuta (478 less than in 2021, -79.7%) and 144 by the coasts of Melilla (123 more, +585.7%).

To these data, we must add 2,140 irregular entries through the fences of the two Spanish cities in North Africa, ie 416 more than last year on the same date (+ 24.1%).

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