iberdrola has set itself the goal of achieving by 2030 a net positive impact on ecosystems and the species where it operates. The new biodiversity plan was presented by Emilio Tejedor, Corporate Environment Director, at the Global Biodiversity Summit (COP 15) which is celebrated these days in Canada. This new Biodiversity Plan implements the necessary mechanisms so that its activity contributes, at the end of this decade, to generate better environmental conditions than existed before.
Tejedor explains that “Iberdrola’s Biodiversity Plan is a continuation of the path traced since 2007 with the approval of the its first Biodiversity Policy. This plan is supplemented by those of Climate Action and Circular Economy of the companythat deal with decarbonization and the sustainable use of resources for integral protection of nature that surrounds us and on which we depend in a vital way.
The preservation of nature and the well-being of people are priority elements of the company’s business model. In this sense, we are faced with an unprecedented environmental crisisin a scenario characterized by strong growth in global energy demand and for this reason, work is underway to build an energy model in harmony with nature and the environment. the human being as a source of sustainable development.
The Biodiversity Plan –which aligns with the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Vision 2050– establishes three main lines of action. The first establishes an innovative accounting framework for the quantification of positive and negative impacts, in ecosystems and species, resulting from the construction, operation and dismantling of facilities. Thus, the company will be able to monitor the degree of compliance with its objective and review its biodiversity action plans to guarantee their achievement.
The second axis of this plan establishes the need to intensify conservation actions and regeneration of biodiversity to achieve this ambitious goal. To this end, Iberdrola has set itself the objective for 2025 of evaluating and reviewing the action plans of the assets of all its technologies considered to be priorities due to their degree of condition or strategic importance. The 2030 goal calls for the review and creation of plans for 100% of its facilities worldwide.
Finally, the Biodiversity Plan includes the need to promote systemic change through action for biodiversity, the promotion of the search for conservation, restoration and regeneration solutions, as well as the transmission of knowledge to accomplish the necessary cultural transformation. . A) Yes, Iberdrola intends to be the engine of this changeintegrating biodiversity into all of the group’s internal strategic planning and decision-making processes.
This roadmap reinforces the commitment of the company to the conservation of ecosystems and its commitment to make the supply of competitive, clean and sustainable energy fully compatible with environmental balance.
Biodiversity protection actions
Iberdrola carries out more than 750 actions every year to protect biodiversity, combining the development of renewable projects and networks with the conservation of the diversity of flora and fauna and the protection of natural heritage. These actions are integrated into programs promoting the conservation and restoration of ecosystems and species, impact prevention and mitigation plans, and initiatives to improve knowledge through research and collaboration with stakeholders. stakeholders. All these actions are detailed in the “Biola Biodiversité”, which Iberdrola periodically publishes.
Among them stands out the “Trees Program”focused on promoting biodiversity with the conservation and restoration of forest ecosystems through which the company has already planted more than 2.3 million trees in seven countries over the past two years. This initiative, launched in 2020, aims to plant and conserve up to 20 million trees in the coming years around the world. It is also necessary to underline the actions of conservation in more than 18,000 ha of different Brazilian biomesthe vast majority in the Amazon rainforest and the restoration of more than 9,500 ha of degraded peatlands in management plans in the UK favoring populations of raptors or waders.
In species protection, an example to highlight is the conservation agreement that the company created in the United States for the conservation of the monarch butterfly, through which vegetation management strategies are implemented in an area of about 4000 ha. their distribution networks, creating an ideal habitat for their conservation.
The company also works in the implementation of innovative measures to improve our interaction with species, such as the installation of cameras in wind farms which, when they identify a protected bird, emit sounds to make it stray or directly activate the shutdown of the wind turbine, as well as painting one of the blades or installation eye-shaped vinyl deterrents. As another measure that minimizes the impact on the ornithological community, the effort that has been made to improve the aerial network is remarkable: In Spain alone, more than 80,000 supports have already been adapted and in the United States, more than 24,000 have been modified.
Iberdrola carries out numerous surveys which, in addition to being the basis for planning measures to avoid or reduce impacts, have in many cases contributed to filling knowledge gaps and valuing certain areas of ecological importance. This is the case of offshore wind projects in which, in terms of ecology of marine mammals and birdsinnovative studies have been conducted as part of innovative R&D projects.
Likewise, it is worth noting the projects that Iberdrola develops through its foundations with various interest groups, such as the Coralizar project in Brazil in collaboration with WWF, which works to restore corals in an area of 4,400 hectares of reefs research new methodologies and promote knowledge, awareness and community benefits. Other significant initiatives are the Migra project in Spain or the project Migration routes in Brazil focused on bird conservation and initiatives to support indigenous communities, among others.
The culture of biodiversity protection is also evident in more than 12,000 Iberdrola volunteers who have participated in various actions related to the conservation of biodiversity over the past two years around the world.