Heatwave: UK declares national emergency after first red extreme heat warning


Heatwave: UK declares national emergency after first red extreme heat warning

Doug Faulkner and Charlie Adams
BBC News

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Bureau of Meteorology issues red warning for extreme heat

The national emergency was declared after the first red extreme heat warning was issued as temperatures could reach 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit).

The Met Office’s maximum warning covered areas including London, Manchester and York on Monday and Tuesday.

This means lives are at risk and everyday life will have to change.

Speed ​​limits may be imposed on railway lines, some schools will close early and some hospital appointments will be cancelled.

On the road, Sanders plans to sprinkle sand to reduce melting, and the RAC warns that more drivers will need help with overheating cars.

In addition to the Met Office warning, the UK Health Safety Agency has issued its highest level of heat alert, Category 4, for health and care organisations – warning “healthy and healthy people” of the risk of illness and death.

NHS leaders warned on Friday night that demand for ambulances would increase and patients could be at risk if they leave hospital in hot weather.

Ambulances should not wait more than 30 minutes outside the emergency room to unload a patient, they said in a letter.

This is the first time a red heat warning has been issued for parts of the UK, although the extreme heat warning system will only be introduced in 2021.

Downing Street said the alert was being treated as a national emergency. Officials met on Friday and again over the weekend to discuss the response.

Warm weather is forecast across the UK early next week, but temperatures in Scotland and Northern Ireland will be closer to the 30s instead of the 30s seen in parts of England and Wales.

A heatwave that originated in North Africa is spreading across Europe and sparking wildfires in Portugal, France and Spain.

Met Office spokesman Grahame Madge said it was “a potentially very serious situation” with a 50 per cent chance of temperatures reaching 40C – possibly along the route from north London to Yorkshire and A1 corridor in the northeast.

The highest temperature recorded in the UK was 38.7C in Cambridge in 2019, and BBC Weather presenter Matt Taylor said there was now a possibility of 40C for the British United.

“It’s unusually hot, and if you’re on holiday, you might be able to handle that temperature, but in everyday life it can have serious health implications,” he said.

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How does high temperature affect the body?

When the body heats up, blood vessels open up. This causes blood pressure to drop and forces the heart to work harder to push blood throughout the body.

This can cause mild symptoms, such as an itchy rash or swelling in the feet when blood vessels leak.

At the same time, sweating leads to the loss of fluids and salts, and most importantly, changes in their balance in the body.

This, combined with lowered blood pressure, can lead to heat exhaustion.

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Nighttime temperatures won’t drop below 25C in some areas, but cooling could begin on Wednesday.

Bureau of Meteorology chief executive Penny Endersby said the extreme heat forecast was “absolutely unprecedented” and urged people to take the warning as seriously as a red or amber warning for snow or wind.

She said Britons were used to seeing hot weather as “an opportunity to play in the sun”, but “not that kind of weather”.

In England, the number of deaths from hot weather rose by 2,500 in the summer of 2020, with the Red Cross predicting that heat-related deaths in the UK could triple in 30 years.

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Why is it so hot (less than 60 seconds)?

People are urged to stay hydrated, watch out for vulnerable people, close curtains and stay out of the midday sun.

There have been concerns that extreme weather will put pressure on the NHS. Downing Street said contingency plans were in place and the Prime Minister had been updated.

The world has warmed by around 1.1°C since the second half of the 18th century, and experts predict temperatures will continue to rise unless governments drastically reduce emissions.

Mr Taylor said seven of the 10 hottest days in the UK since 2003 had been recorded.

The latest heatwave has brought travel disruption warnings to rail company Avanti West Coast, warning weekend services could be canceled at short notice, with timetable revisions and longer journeys expected on Monday and Tuesday.

He said customers should only travel “if absolutely necessary” early next week.

Network Rail said the impact on rail services “will vary by region, but journeys will take longer and are subject to cancellations, delays and last-minute changes”.

Transport for London has also urged people in the capital to only make “essential travel”, warning it could have an impact on Underground and rail services.

Meanwhile, on the sports front, five horse races on Monday and Tuesday were canceled due to expected temperatures.

How do you deal with the heat?share your experience haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk.

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article Heatwave: UK declares national emergency after first red extreme heat warning first appeared in Zimo News.

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