Global mental health care needs urgent reform, says WHO

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This WHO According to a recent press release, the World Health Organization (WHO) recently released the most comprehensive global review of mental health in more than 20 years, in which each WHO member state has signed up to an action plan to transform mental health care.

“Everyone’s life touches people with mental health issues. Good mental health translates into good physical health, and this new report makes the case for change,” said WHO Director-General Dr Tedros.

FILE – World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus removes a protective face shield before speaking to the media at the World Health Organization (WHO) headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, December 20, 2021. “Everyone’s life touches people with mental health problems.” Good mental health translates into good physical health, and this new report makes a compelling case for change,”
((Salvatore Di Nolfi/Keystone via AP, file))

“The inextricable link between mental health and public health, human rights and socioeconomic development means that changing mental health policies and practices can bring real and substantial benefits to individuals, communities and countries around the world. Investing in mental health is a An investment in a better life and future for all. »

about 1 billion people, including 14% of teens worldwideMental Illness in 2019.

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Mental health disorders are the leading cause of disability, with people with severe mental disorders dying on average 10 to 20 years earlier than the general population, mostly from preventable physical diseases.

The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated some mental health issues, with depression and anxiety rising by more than 25% in the first year alone.

Sexual abuse and bullying are the two leading causes of depression in children.

Depressed people feel lonely and useless at night.  The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated some mental health issues, with depression and anxiety increasing by more than 25% in the first year alone.

Depressed people feel lonely and useless at night. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated some mental health issues, with depression and anxiety increasing by more than 25% in the first year alone.
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but Many people with depression Not receiving treatment.

About one-third of high-income people with depression receive formal mental health care, but in low- and lower-middle-income countries, “minimally adequate treatment” is estimated at only 3%.

Suicide accounts for more than 1% of deaths, more than half of which occur before the age of 50, but “20 countries still criminalize attempted suicide”.

“In all countries, the poorest and most vulnerable groups in society are at greatest risk of developing mental illness, and they are also the least likely to receive adequate services,” the statement said.

While there has been some progress in mental health care, WHO wants to accelerate change, noting that two-thirds of scarce public mental health spending goes to inpatient psychiatric hospitals, rather than the project communities that are best for people.

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Going out is important for your mental health. Despite some progress in mental health care, WHO wants to accelerate change.

Going out is important for your mental health. Despite some progress in mental health care, WHO wants to accelerate change.
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The World Health Organization has made three key recommendations for improving mental health, including a call for governments, individuals and communities to build “value and commitment” to mental health and their care, as well as to change “the physical, social and economic characteristics of the environment”. Mental health affects.

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“Every country has ample opportunity to make significant progress in improving the mental health of its population,” said Dévora Kestel, Director of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at WHO.

“Whether it’s developing stronger mental health policies and laws, integrating mental health into insurance plans, developing or strengthening community-based mental health services, or integrating mental health into general health care, schools and prisons, the many examples in this report show that Policy changes can make a big difference. »



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