The Farmers charge against the new CAP (Common Agrarian Policy), which will come into force on 1 January. For months, professionals in the field have been denouncing that the rule was made behind their backs, when it is they who are the most affected. Sources of Asajah (Association of Young Farmers) ensures OK DAILY that “it has 5 billion less in aid and is more concerned with penalizing farmers than helping them; with her production will drop and that will increase our expenses.
The Spanish countryside displays its total rejection of the new CAP. “This government is killing the sector, which is suffocated by the high costs and the low prices at which we sell our products,” they complain to the association. They also add that they feel cheated because they have not been involved in the standard-setting process and criticize the fact that European and national administrations allow themselves to be advised by “radical environmentalists”.
In this regard, Milagros Marcos, spokesperson for Agriculture of the PP, criticizes the fact that the government has not taken advantage of the “historic opportunity” that the european funds modernize the Spanish countryside. The policy points out that the CAP that the executive has negotiated is not what the autonomous communities want, nor what farmers and ranchers need and that, moreover, “does not compensate for losses returned, that’s what he was born for. It is more complex, it has less money and more environmental requirements which will cause a drop in production and an increase in expenses.”
On the other hand, one of the issues most criticized by the agricultural sector is digitization. From Asaja, they complain that the CAP, instead of simplifying the formalities bureaucratic procedures for requesting assistance complicates it further, as it is totally digital. To contextualize, they add that the Ministry of Agriculture is aware that the age of Spanish farmers is advanced: 53% are between 40 and 65 years old and 38% are over 65 years old.
The new CAP (2023-2027), which will come into force on January 1, 2023 and cannot be requested before March 1 next year, will bring many changes for Spanish farmers and ranchers. Among the main new features are the maximum help per holding will be €100,000 and that the productive regions will be 20 and not 50 as they were until now. This is how to group together agricultural regions with similar characteristics.
PAC beneficiaries will have to respect the practices stricter than ever in terms of sustainability: they will not be able to burn stubble, they will have to protect wetlands, they will have to create protective strips on the banks of rivers and they will have to reduce the risk of soil degradation and erosion , among others.
The aid will be distributed between five categories: irrigated lands, dry lands, permanent crops, permanent pastures and the Balearic region -the latter to compensate for the higher costs due to insularity-. On the other hand, associated aid will also be granted for the sectors most in difficulty such as fruit and vegetables, wine, beekeeping, as well as the extensive livestock sector, protein crops or traditional olive groves.