Culture

Don Marcelino and around the world

September. Early morning. Closed night. We see glowing lights and headlights on the horizon. A sailboat entrusted to the Cross of Santiago is approaching the pier. This is the perfect replica of the mythical ship Magellan and Elcano. Swim on the water with the sail folded. Doctor Sidad is at the helm of the 21-meter ship. His face expresses satisfaction. Everything is quiet. The video was filmed from a ship approaching the shore. This is seven minutes of an unforgettable film. The silence of the night is interrupted by a voice, almost a whisper, signaling to turn a little more to the right. Late summer night. Autumn. It is now four o’clock in the morning and Brujo de Villahizán enters the port, like El Cano and his comrades in the 16th century. You have reached Sanlúcar de Barrameda. Happy. Your desire has come true. We are at the end of a little adventure. He performed or repeated the last days of the sea voyage of one of the greatest exploits of the Spaniards of all time: the voyage around the world. The imitation was worth it. I remember those days and nights at sea.

The journey is over. Friend Angel makes me share my experience Whatsapp with video delivery and a brief description of the experience:

“I completed my attempt to understand the ways and means of the brave Spaniards who traveled the world. They changed the history of mankind. We practically docked where Elcano did it in September 1522. I am closer to understanding the passion of some men. for risking their lives for the greatness of the nation, or perhaps just to feel alive. I think this journey makes me a little wiser and fills me with gratitude to those people who managed to make the world wider and more comfortable. These people donate, I have a reason to hope for people. “

The postscript to his words could not be missing:

“While traveling from Algeciras to Sanlúcar de Barrameda, I very carefully read your comments on the research of Don Marcelino Cervantino. Colloquium of dogs… Once I have time, I’ll be back to those pages History of the infidels Spaniards. Until then I have been instructed to read Model novels… I will follow Don Marcelino’s wise advice: these novels should be placed between the first and second parts. Quijote ‘ “Will become great exercises that will prepare” for the serene, perfect and balanced work of the second part, in which the poetic intuition of Cervantes reached full awareness of his work, changing from brilliantly inspired to divinely meditating “(1).

That’s right, dear doctor, second part Quixote This is the culmination of a magnificent, significant and “progressive” work by a very thoughtful and conscientious author of his work. Don Marcelino elegantly showcases Cervantes’ vast literary culture. All of his works “prove a very solid culture and wonderful meaning.” He was a slow, meticulous and precise writer. Each of his novels was a new conquest. Cervantes’ work is a constant movement towards excellence. Second part Don Quixoteand that would be, let me compare, how the last days and the culmination of the journey of Magellan and Elcano … The culmination of a feat! Happy arrival at the port with the knowledge of what has been done. Don Marcelino follows several strategies to prove that Cervantes did know about this progress, but there is one overwhelming one: literary analysis Quixote he is inseparable from the author and the rest of his work. When we read The works of Menendez Pelayo about Quixote, we see the successes of Cervantes. This is great.

miguel-de-cervantes.jpg
Miguel de Cervantes

However, a normal, almost common occurrence among research scientists Quixote it is to forget the author, to focus only on the character of Don Quixote. This attitude is very common among essayists and philosophers seeking originality. They forget literary criticism, or worse, they don’t know that literary analysis contains wisdom and creativity. Cervantes himself, as Don Marcelino warns us, already knew that Don Quixote was destined to transcend the author’s personality and his circumstances; There are many languages ​​and cultures in the world that coexist with the figure of Don Quixote and completely ignore the name of Cervantes and his creative power. They are doing the wrong thing, because it is necessary to tell about the whole work of Cervantes in order to penetrate the secrets. Quixote

Unamuno, Ortega, Azorin, Castro and many others end up talking only about the character, or rather the characters created by Cervantes, but they forget the author and, of course, all his work. They do not explore literature, as Menendez Pidal would say, in the memorable and unique manner of Don Marcelino. They do not enter, or, it would be better to say, do not want to enter into the literary sense. Vice versa, Don Marcelino’s intuition is to make Cervantes inseparable from Quixote… creativehis criticism is intuitive and artistic, because his strictly literary analysis of the first part Quixotefollowing Model novels Starting with the prologue, it has a clear purpose – to show the transition from brilliantly inspired books to a finished work of art, an authentic reflection on oneself, which is the second part of the lives of Don Quixote and Sancho.

This is the peculiarity, the big difference between the vision of the work of Don Marcelino Cervantes and those who came later. They did not know how to adequately assess Cervantes’ literary values, especially the educational power of the novel. They did not know how to see, or did not want to read Don Marcelino to make sure that Quixote greatest pedagogical book of all time… For this reason, I urge Dr. Cidad to reread it in order to verify the truth of Don Marcelino about Sancho:

“This is the spirit redeemed and cleansed from the dirt of matter by Don Quixote; this is the first and greatest triumph of an inventive gentleman (…). Don Quixote teaches himself, educates Sancho, and the whole book is pedagogy in action, the most amazing and original pedagogy, the conquest of the ideal by the mad and the village, madness teaching and correcting worldly prudence, common sense ennobled by his contact with the living and sacred ember of the ideal “. (2)

However, the greatest success of Don Marcelino in the work of Cervantes is not literature, or rather the novel as a pedagogy, but the fact that he left unresolved boundaries. between madness and reason… But there will already be an opportunity to share with Brujo de Villahisan.


(1) MENENDEZ PELAYO, M.: “The literary culture of Cervantes and the development of Quixote“, on Full composition of writingsHistorical and Literary Criticism Studies… Espasa-Calpe Argentina, I. Buenos Aires, 1944, pp. 326 and 327.

(2) Ibid, pp. 355 and 356.




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