China is the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG) and has had a lot of fun.Only three days left until the opening on the 26thelectronic The Conference of the Parties (COP26) is critical to combating global warming, and the country officially detailed its new commitment to the planet on Thursday, October 28, and it has been long-awaited.Beijing’s New Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) contains a key commitment that Chinese President Xi Jinping has already made: reaching peak emissions “Before 2030” And carbon neutral “Before 2060”.
These commitments are published on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) website, and also stipulate reducing carbon intensity (CO emissions).2 Compared with GDP), it has dropped by more than 65% compared to 2005.However, although in its previous Nationally Determined Contributions, China promised to reduce its carbon intensity by 60% to 65% by 2030 and reach peak emissions “About 2030”However, these new strengthening ambitions have not convinced all observers.
According to the Paris Agreement signed in 2015, compared with the pre-industrial era, the agreement shows the ambition to control global warming well below + 2 degrees and, if possible, + 1.5 degrees, signatories must submit upwards every five years. Revised NDC year.
Therefore, before the official opening of COP26 in Glasgow (Scotland) on Sunday, we are eagerly looking forward to the new contribution from China, which accounts for more than a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions. In particular, the United Nations said on Monday that the new climate pledges made in recent weeks are still leading the world to warming. “Catastrophic” + 2.7 degrees.
Beijing recalled in its contribution that developed countries must “Assume historical responsibility and continue to take the lead in reducing emissions”.
China has also pledged to increase the share of non-fossil fuels in its consumption from 20% of its previous nationally determined contribution to 25%, especially as “By 2030, the installed capacity of solar and wind energy will reach 1.2 billion kilowatts” And increase his “in stock” Compared with 2005, the forest area is 6 billion cubic meters.
However, in the eyes of many observers, Beijing’s new contribution does not seem to be ambitious enough. “It casts a shadow on the global climate effort. Given the uncertainty of the internal economy, the country seems unwilling to accept stronger short-term goals and missed the opportunity to show ambition. The world cannot afford this is its last word, Beijing. An implementation plan must be developed to ensure that peak emissions are reached by 2025”Li Shuo of Greenpeace China wrote on Twitter.
For Lauri Myllyvirta, an analyst at the Center for Energy and Clean Air Research (CREA), the new China Nationally Determined Contribution will make President Xi’s commitment unchanged, but “It doesn’t say what the emission trajectory will be in the next ten years”.
Helen Mountford, deputy director of the World Resources Institute, sees it as “Moderate improvement” : “If the world wants to have a chance to deal with the climate crisis, China, like other major emitters, must move from small steps to great leap forward.”, She believes.
CNUCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa declined to comment on China’s NDC at an online press conference on Thursday evening, explaining that she did not have time to study it in detail.However, she thinks he is “Clear, it’s been a while”, China heard “Converting political announcements into NDC” President Xi.
She feels it is necessary to work hard to achieve the goal of carbon neutrality ” as soon as possible” Tell China, “Like other countries, “All this is fine, but what are you going to do?” “. They should also be encouraged “Continuously revising their NDC” On the rise, she added.
As far as Australia is concerned, Australia is the world’s largest coal exporter. Its Prime Minister Scott Morrison often confirms its support for the mining and natural gas industries and also submitted a new Nationally Determined Contribution on Thursday. As Mr. Morrison announced earlier this week, the main increase is the 2050 net zero emission target, but the contribution does not provide any specific details about how the country intends to achieve that target.