- In about nine years, the world is on track to blow more than the amount of CO2 it can burn to keep temperatures from rising more than 1.5 degrees Celsius, a new report has found.
- Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the Earth’s temperature has already risen by 1.1°C.
- Total fossil carbon dioxide emissions are expected to grow by about 1% in 2022.
The world is increasingly agreeing that climate change is real, dangerous and it’s happening now – but that has not yet translated into a global reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
Total fossil carbon dioxide emissions are expected to grow by about 1% in 2022, a November report by the Global Carbon Project published in the journal Earth System Science Data he found. It is currently being released in Egypt COP27 international conference on climate change.
The report projects a record amount of carbon dioxide will be released into the atmosphere this year: 36.6 billion tons from burning coal, oil and natural gas.
At that time, in nine years the world is on track to blow more than the amount of CO2 it can burn to keep the temperature from rising more than 1.5 degrees Celsius, which is 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit.
“This is a strong reminder that despite all this rhetoric, global fossil CO2 emissions are more than 5% higher than in 2015, the year of the Paris Agreement,” said Glen Peters, executive director of the Center for International Climate Research.
Here’s what you need to know:
Why are carbon dioxide emissions still increasing?
The world is working towards carbon-free energy sources like wind, solar and nuclear, but it is not moving fast enough to keep up with rising energy demand.
Why do CO2 emissions need to fall?
Greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane lock heat into the atmosphere. Since the start of the Industrial Revolution, global temperatures have already risen by 2 degrees.
To avoid a climate disaster, the rise needs to stay below 2.7 degrees, a number of countries in the world – including United States – agreed. The Global Carbon Project estimates that if CO2 emissions continue to rise at this year’s level, the world could use its “carbon budget” by 2032.
Which countries are producing the most?
Three countries account for the lion’s share of global CO2 emissions. China is at the top, at 32%, although that has started to fall slightly. The United States is next with 14%, an increase of 1.5% over last year. India’s emissions continue to rise and now account for 8% of the world’s emissions. Together, the 27 countries of the European Union make up 8%.
China’s smog is receding
For the first time since the recession in 2015-2016, China’s CO2 emissions are expected to decrease, falling to less than 1% in 2022. This is happening for two reasons:
- China’s economy has been hit hard by the country’s severe COVID-19 lockdown, which has hampered growth.
- China’s renewable energy sector is growing rapidly. In 2022 for the first time wind and solar will produce more than 10% of the country’s electricity.
US makes important methane pledge
At COP27 in Egypt, the United States announced on Friday that it will push oil and gas companies to speed up their reforms methane emission, a powerful greenhouse gas that holds 80 times more heat than carbon dioxide and is responsible for one-third of the warming from greenhouse gases today. Because it only stays in the atmosphere for 20 years, cutting methane emissions now will have the effect of preventing warming.