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American ephemeris of December 2021: it happened in the history of the United States – Le Courrier des Amériques

American Ephemeris of December 2021: Here are some important recall dates in the history of the United States!

George Washington crossing Delaware

On the night of December 25-26, 1776, Washington led a reckless operation at the head of its continental troops: he crossed the frozen Delaware River to surprise Hessans, German mercenaries in the English mercenaries based in Trenton. They will capture a thousand. This victory may be small in the American Revolution, but it is extremely brave and encouraging continents. Independence fathers like James Monroe and Alexander Hamilton were in Washington that day. The result is also one of the most famous paintings in the United States, created by Emanuel Leutze in 1851 (exhibited at MET in New York).

Declaration of rights

On December 15, 1791, 230 years ago, the Charter of Rights entered into force in the United States. These first 10 amendments to the US Constitution were drafted by a team led by James Madison. The Bill of Rights restricts the powers of the federal government and guarantees freedom of the press, speech, religion, assembly, the right to bear arms, and the right to property. Freedom of speech has since been protected until it was privatized by social networks in the 21st century.


Pearl Harbor

Eighty years ago, on December 7, 1941, the navy of the Japanese Empire surprisingly attacked the American fleet based in Hawaii. The main US fleet is destroyed and there are 2,403 dead and 1,178 wounded. The Japanese also attack the Philippines, Hong Kong and Malaysia. So this anniversary is not only the anniversary of Pearl Harbor, but also, and above all, the next day of the United States’ entry into World War II, which they avoided until that day.

The crew leaving the USS California just after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
The crew leaving the USS California just after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Photographic credit: US Navy – Public Domain).

Marconi

On December 12, 1901, 120 years ago, the Italian electrician Guglielmo Marconi made telegraph cables under the Atlantic obsolete by transmitting the first radio message between the continents (more precisely between Canada and Great Britain).


Dirty HarryDirty Harry

Dirty Harry aiming a gun at the gangster he had just wounded: ” You must be asking yourself, “Do I feel lucky? “So that’s it, punk?”

On December 22, 1971 (fifty years ago), a new genre of detective films was born, a little more brutal than before, with .44 Magnum in front of him (and Clint Eastwood in the back).


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